For years, anti-fracking activists have tried to argue that shale development poses “profound risks” to America’s water resources, purporting that it causes “extreme water withdrawals” or is “water intensive beyond anyone’s imagination.” But as EID’s new infographic shows, the facts tell a very different story.
In reality, agriculture, car washes, golf courses, and even residential lawn watering use billions of gallons more water than oil and gas producers. In top oil and gas producing states – such as Pennsylvania, Texas, Colorado, and Michigan – shale development accounts for less than one percent of total water use. In fact, a report from the University of Texas found that hydraulic fracturing is actually helping to shield Texas from water shortages because it is allowing the state to move away from using more water intensive energy resources.
These water usage rates of less than one percent across the country will only be reduced further, as water recycling continues to ramp up. According to the Pennsylvania DEP, producers in the Marcellus are now recycling 90 percent of their flowback water, and that’s a trend that will continue.
Download EID’s new infographic — “The Facts on Hydraulic Fracturing and Water Use” – to get the real story on water use and shale development.