Game Changer: US Shale Now Second Cheapest Source of New Oil Supply
Dramatic growth in American energy production has reshaped world energy markets over the past few years. U.S. shale oil – which was the world’s second most expensive oil resource a mere four years ago – is now the second most affordable source of new oil supply globally, trailing only the giant onshore oil fields of the Middle East, according to a recent Rystad Energy report. This shift is attributable to continued innovation, which has reduced production costs and helped shale become a competitive source of oil supply.
Efficiency is changing the global oil game.
Rystad ranks the world’s recoverable liquid oil supplies by their breakeven prices, or the price that oil must be sold at to cover the costs of producing the resource. The report found that the United States had one of the most remarkable turnarounds for breakeven price in recent years.
In 2015, North American shale oil (also referred to as “tight” oil), had an average breakeven price of $68 per barrel. Today, the average breakeven price for the same oil is estimated to be $46 per barrel. To put this into perspective, onshore fields in Saudi Arabia and the Middle East have a breakeven price of around $42.
Secretary of State Mike Pompeo highlighted the importance of the technology and innovation that has made this possible during a keynote address for the CERAWeek by IHS Markit conference in Houston in March:
“Things like horizontal drilling and fracturing, the shale revolution, the oil derricks that dot the landscape all throughout the Permian Basin, matter. New drilling technology and greater energy output are transforming American life and lives all around the world in the same way that the changes did when Spindletop first took place back in 1901. It was a game-changer, and what this industry is doing today is game-changing as well.”
But what game is being changed?
Growth in American energy production has key implications for both world security, and the U.S. economy. Not only are American shale companies producing more affordably—they are also doing so at record levels. In 2018 alone, the United States nearly doubled its oil exports and is forecast to become a net energy exporter by next year. According to the Energy Information Administration, the United States exported 2 million barrels of oil per day, up from 1.2 million barrels per day in 2017.
Much of this production growth is coming from the Permian Basin of Texas and New Mexico, which is expected to increase production to a record-high 4.14 million barrels per day in May. According to government statistics, production is also expected to grow in other shale fields.
In fact, an analysis by Oxford Economics found that the U.S. extraction sector is poised to grow faster than any other industry this year. The research firm predicted that the oil, natural gas, and mining industries could grow up to 7 percent in 2019. This in turn will promote growth across a variety of other sectors and industries, including petrochemicals, transportation, and warehousing, all of which benefit from affordable energy. In Texas alone, the growth of hydraulic fracturing between 2009 and 2018 helped increase manufacturing output by 50 percent.
According to Energy Secretary Rick Perry, the growth of American energy has important impacts on world security. Instead of relying on energy from countries like Russia, America’s allies will have increased energy choice.
“American energy doesn’t have strings attached,” said Perry. “It’s clear that Russian gas has strings attached… American LNG has the ability to truly make Europe free from that Russian intervention.”
Energy is an economic lifeblood. As global demand for energy continues to increase, American production will play an ever more essential role in meeting the world’s need for oil. This is good news for the American economy and world energy security.